In today's video, we look at the weather outlook through the coming weekend and early next week. The weather will generally favorable for the massive restoration and repair efforts now underway in the wake of Sandy. The chill is a challenge for keeping warm when there is no power, yet it is not cold enough to preserve food that could not be kept refrigerated or frozen.
One interesting feature is a storm that the GFS places along the East coast next Tuesday. Last night's ECMWF also had a storm nearby. Anytime during the colder parts of the year when there is a coastal storm and cold air is nearby, there is concern about snow. Since Tuesday is Election Day, any storminess may be an issue. We'll be watching this with you during the next few days.
A few people have asked why the storm's winds from the middle of Pennsylvania to the middle of New York state were not as strong as they might have been. This map does not show the root cause of this occurrence, but in the pressure pattern, you can see the greater separation in the isobars in that area compared with the situation around the rest of the storm. This map shows the setup about 6-12 hours after the highest winds had occurred, but the shape was similar then.
Amazingly, the European model suggested this northward elongation in its forecast 210 hours in advance. It was a little slow on the storm's position but it was still an impressive forecast:
Randy Adkins, one of our fine meteorologists at AccuWeather, compiled this summary (as of Tuesday night) about Sandy:
While there were many differences, Sandy was New York City's Katrina.
HIGHEST RAINFALL TOTALS BY STATE:
***Andrews AFB, Md.: 15.3" (unconfirmed)
Easton, Md.: 12.55"
Wildwood Crest, N.J.: 11.91"
Georgetown, Del.: 10.20"
Reedville, Va.: 9.90"
Salvo, N.C.: 8.09"
Maysville, W.Va.: 7.75"
Hanover, Pa.: 7.61"
Washington, D.C. (5.1 NW) : 5.83"
Kirtland, Ohio: 5.69"
Gorham, N.H.: 4.85"
Whitesville, N.Y.: 4.83"
North Ashburnham, Mass.: 3.70"
Woonsocket, R.I.: 1.87"
HIGHEST WIND GUSTS BY STATE:
Eatons Neck, N.Y.: 94 mph
Tompkinsville, N.J.: 90 mph
Westerly, R.I.: 86 mph
Madison, Conn.: 85 mph
Cuttyhunk, Mass.: 83 mph
Allentown, Pa.: 81 mph
Highland Beach, Md.: 79 mph
Chester Gap, Va.: 79 mph
Bath, Maine: 76 mph
Fort Gratiot: Mich.: 74 mph
Stowe, Vt.: 72 mph
Goshen, N.H.: 70 mph
Cleveland, Ohio (BKL): 67 mph
Ranson, W.Va.: 65 mph
HIGHEST SNOW AMOUNTS BY STATE:
Redhouse, Md.: 29.0"
Davis, W.Va.: 28.0"
Norton, Va.: 24.0"
Faust, N.C.: 24"
Gatlinburg (7SE, in the mountains), Tenn.: 22.0"
Payne Gap, Ky.: 14.0"
Champion, Pa.: 13.0"
Bellefontaine, Ohio: 4.5"
POWER OUTAGES: 7.4 million
By comparison, Hurricane Ike had 7.5 million over his entire path.
39.67 feet (Buoy #41048)
TOP STORM SURGES:
The Battery, N.Y.: ~9 feet above normal
Kings Point, N.Y.: ~12.5 feet above normal
New Haven, Conn.: ~9 feet above normal
LOWEST PRESSURE (LAND):
945.5 mb (27.92" Hg) at Atlantic City, N.J.
Extensive precipitation straddles both sides of the cold front that was moving through central New York and central Pennsylvania as of mid morning. This radar shows the distribution of rain and snow; some temperatures are added.
The cold front approaching the East shows up quite well in this pressure analysis. Several temperatures are plotted to give you a sense for how much the temperature changes behind the cold front. At Chicago, it went from 60 at 4 a.m. to 39 at 5:19, a 21-degree drop in little more than an hour.
Temperatures on Sunday and Monday will range from the 60s in parts of New England to near 80 in Maryland and Virginia. However, a strong cold front will then trigger and perhaps a few thunderstorms as it ushers in air that will be 30-40 degrees colder than it will be ahead of the cold front.
During the early morning hours of April 15, there will be a total lunar eclipse visible across North America. This eclipse is the start of a <em>tetrad</em>, a series of four total lunar eclipses over a two-year period. The totality begins at 3:07 a.m. ET, 2:07 a.m. CT, etc.
Severe Weather Awareness Week activities are conducted by National Weather Service offices nationwide at various times during the spring. There is a lot of information for everyone (from children to seniors) available online. You can start <a href="http://www.ready.gov/kids/know-the-facts">here</a>:
However, after the warmup, another cold front will move through the Great Lakes and Northeast with at least some rain. This map contains the forecast for Sunday evening.