How a school superintendent decides to cancel school due to weather
By Chaffin Mitchell, AccuWeather staff writer
Winter weather may bring road and driving conditions that can delay or cancel school operations, but who makes the decisions and how do they make the final call?
The superintendent is the top executive in a school district, and they oversee the daily operations and the long-range planning of a school district.
Serving as the point person for all district matters, the role of a superintendent is to supervise school principals and district staff, to work with school board members and to manage fiscal operations.
School superintendents make day-to-day decisions about educational programs, spending, staff and facilities. The superintendent hires, supervises and manages the central staff and principals; they also decide when to delay or cancel school due to inclement weather.
"My process has been roughly the same for 18 years serving in both rural and suburban districts. The times just vary a bit, and now we get frequent situation reports from the National Weather Service," Superintendent in St. Louis, Missouri, Dr. Chris Gaines said.
Gaines has taken the reins of the national School Superintendents Association for the 2018-2019 school year.
"In my current suburban district, I try to be on the road by 3 a.m. to drive around the district. My director of transportation is also driving and talking to his colleagues in other districts. My director of facilities is out sometimes as well. Usually, we talk prior and have a plan of who will do what," Gaines said.
Superintendents must work with school leaders, such as principals and other districts, to serve the needs of students and their district.
"Around 4 a.m., the texts begin with my neighboring districts. Usually, our roads are in similar conditions, although our neighbor to the south has more rural, hilly roads. At 4:30 a.m., we have a conference call with the all the districts in our county," Gaines said.
There can be more than 50 school districts in one county alone.
"I watch the National Weather Service forecasts and reports more than anything else. The person who coordinates our conference call sometimes speaks with them and the road department," Gaines said.
Gaines and other superintendents use as many resources as possible to make the best educated decision.
"Each area reports and then we might go through the list of districts to get a better idea of what everyone is thinking. We try to have any closing or late start decisions made by 5 a.m. and announced," Gaines said.
Gaines said they have to make a decision by 5 a.m. to notify bus drivers, custodians and cooks not to come to work.
"We have not done a late start but almost did one recently. In retrospect, I should have because road conditions were significantly improved by 8 a.m. This particular storm delivered more than everyone thought after some very low temperatures and the road departments were not prepared," Gaines said.
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"No two weather events are the same. In large geographic districts, some areas are impacted more than others. Years ago in another district, I had a storm that delivered 8 inches of snow to the southern part of our district during the day. Only one bus route was impacted, and we sent them home at lunch," Gaines said.
Since buses begin picking up students as early as 6:30 a.m., most districts do not reverse an early-morning decision for schools to remain open, even if weather conditions worsen throughout the early morning.
They assume parents will have already left for work, believing that their child was picked up for school. Therefore, they bring students to school and determine the next steps once the students have arrived at school and everyone is safe.
At private schools, the principal makes the decision.
Charter schools, which are schools of choice, make such decisions independently and may or may not follow the closures of schools around them. Charter schools do not have district boundaries, therefore students may live anywhere and attend them. This makes the process of canceling school due to inclement weather a little more challenging. In most cases, they follow what the county announces.
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