With much of the nation caught in winter’s icy cold grip, this is a good time to remember that exposure to very cold temperatures can cause serious, even life-threatening, health consequences.
During the winter months, a prolonged exposure to the cold without the proper attire can result in frostbite or hypothermia.
While everyone out in the cold is at risk for developing injuries infants are at a greater risk due to their inability to make enough of their own body heat by shivering. The elderly also have a greater chance because of their slower metabolisms.
What is Frostbite?
Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing, which results in a loss of feeling and color. It is most likely to affect the face, fingers, or toes, and can cause permanent damage. In extreme cases, it can lead to amputation of the affected areas.
The first signs of frostbite include white or grayish-yellow skin, skin that feels unusually firm or waxy and numbness.
What is Hypothermia?
Hypothermia occurs when the body is exposed to cold temperatures and loses heat faster than it can be produced. When a person's core body temperature drops below 95 degrees, the situation is urgent.
This condition can occur at cooler temperatures too, specifically when a person becomes chilled from rain, sweat or cold water.
The warning signs for hypothermia include, shivering, confusion, memory loss and drowsiness.
If one suspects frostbite or hypothermia medical attention should be sought after immediately. However, if medical aid is unavailable then the tips below should be followed until medical help becomes an option.
While waves of arctic air will continue to pour across the Great Lakes and New England this weekend, milder air will surge farther northward early next week.
The cold reprieve unfolding across the United States will not last long with waves of chilly air set to invade many parts of the country in the days leading up to Christmas.
Urduja, known globally as Kai-tak, will continue to unleash life-threatening flooding rain and mudslides as it slowly crosses the Philippines into Monday.
Winds will again kick up and become strong, raising the risk of rapidly spreading wildfires in Northern and Southern California this weekend as firefighters continue to battle the Thomas Fire, which is now the third largest in the state's history.
After an unseasonably quiet start to December in the northwestern United States, a significant storm will set its sights on the region spanning Tuesday to Wednesday.
Southern Vietnam and the Malay Peninsula are being put on alert for potential impacts from Tropical Storm Kai-tak later next week after it finishes lashing the Philippines.
Keningston Palace has announced that Prince Harry will marry Meghan Markle on 19 May 2018 at St. George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.