NOTE: This forecast was published in October 2011; see our full-length 2012-2013 AccuWeather.com Winter Forecast for the latest information.
Apart from the Southwest, people across the western United States can expect large swings in weather conditions throughout the winter, according to the AccuWeather.com Long-Range Forecasting Team.
December is likely to feature above-normal warmth across much of the entire West. However, from late December into January, the team expects a transition where cold fronts will drop farther south along the West Coast, reaching northern and central California. This transition should bring temperatures back near normal, away from the interior Southwest.
The famed "Pineapple Express," a phenomenon that occurs when a strong, persistent flow of tropical moisture sets up from the Hawaiian Islands to the West Coast of the U.S., could develop for a time this winter. This phenomenon often leads to excessive rain and incredible snow events.
"Last year, California was hit hard when the Pineapple Express set up from Dec. 17-22, producing massive flooding and 13 feet of snow in the Sierra," Pastelok explained. "The Pineapple Express could develop for a period this winter and take aim at northern and central California. That could lead to monster snowfall and heavy valley rain with the risk of flooding and mudslides."
Snowfall is forecast to average out near or slightly above normal in the northern and central Sierra this year, depending on where the Pineapple Express sets up.
Above-normal rain and snowfall are also possible in the northern Rockies in January and in areas farther south and west during February.
Seattle and Portland are forecast to have a fairly typical winter with precipitation averaging out near normal. However, it will be a wet start to the season and frigid end. Near- to slightly above-average snowfall is expected in the Cascades.
Cold air focused over the northern Plains, Midwest and Great Lakes throughout the winter will likely spread farther west into the northern Rockies in January and February, though the worst of the cold for this region will last from February into March.
Joaquin continues its journey across the northern Atlantic toward Europe, where it is expected to impact Spain and Portugal this weekend.
Winter will kick off with mild weather in the Northeast and mid-Atlantic as an intensifying El Nino influences the weather pattern across the country.
A fall-like weekend is in store for the Northeast, after rain and thunderstorms will dampen the region on Friday.
Another round of rain is expected to move through the Carolinas on Saturday, which may lead to rises on some small streams and creeks.
Oho will hit parts of British Columbia and Alaska with drenching rain, gusty winds and pounding seas before the week comes to an end.
“It was by far the most intimidating natural disaster I have ever chased,” Storm Chaser and Extreme Meteorologist Reed Timmer said of the historic flooding in South Carolina.
Victoria BC (1997)
5,000 left without power as a result of an early morning storm.
Des Maines, IA (2000)
A barometer reading of 30.73" - a new October record.
Philadelphia, PA (1703)
"...fall of snow,...northwest wind blows very hard." Isaac Norris quoted in Watson Annal Phila.