NOTE: This forecast was published in October 2011; see our full-length 2012-2013 AccuWeather.com Winter Forecast for the latest information.
Apart from the Southwest, people across the western United States can expect large swings in weather conditions throughout the winter, according to the AccuWeather.com Long-Range Forecasting Team.
December is likely to feature above-normal warmth across much of the entire West. However, from late December into January, the team expects a transition where cold fronts will drop farther south along the West Coast, reaching northern and central California. This transition should bring temperatures back near normal, away from the interior Southwest.
The famed "Pineapple Express," a phenomenon that occurs when a strong, persistent flow of tropical moisture sets up from the Hawaiian Islands to the West Coast of the U.S., could develop for a time this winter. This phenomenon often leads to excessive rain and incredible snow events.
"Last year, California was hit hard when the Pineapple Express set up from Dec. 17-22, producing massive flooding and 13 feet of snow in the Sierra," Pastelok explained. "The Pineapple Express could develop for a period this winter and take aim at northern and central California. That could lead to monster snowfall and heavy valley rain with the risk of flooding and mudslides."
Snowfall is forecast to average out near or slightly above normal in the northern and central Sierra this year, depending on where the Pineapple Express sets up.
Above-normal rain and snowfall are also possible in the northern Rockies in January and in areas farther south and west during February.
Seattle and Portland are forecast to have a fairly typical winter with precipitation averaging out near normal. However, it will be a wet start to the season and frigid end. Near- to slightly above-average snowfall is expected in the Cascades.
Cold air focused over the northern Plains, Midwest and Great Lakes throughout the winter will likely spread farther west into the northern Rockies in January and February, though the worst of the cold for this region will last from February into March.
Manhattanhenge occurs four times a year: twice in the summer during the setting sun and twice in the winter during the rising sun.
The wet pattern in the southern Plains over the past several weeks has nearly eliminated drought conditions across the region.
Severe storms ripped across Texas, Oklahoma and Mexico, leaving destruction and death in their wake as the extended Memorial Day weekend came to a close.
A tornado struck a drilling rig in Canadian, Texas, Wednesday night and caused several injuries.
California is in the grips of a four-year drought, and conditions are worsening in Washington and Oregon.
Mount Shindake erupted for the second time in the last nine months on Friday, according to the Global Volcanism Project at the Smithsonian Institution.
Area from Wallace to Kearney counties: a great hailstorm caused $6 million damage.
Ohio Valley (1982)
Severe thunderstorms: Tornado in Marion, IL killed 12, caused $100 million damage. Columbus, OH had a wind gust to 76 mph. Louisville, KY pelted by hail 2" in diameter.
Yuma, AZ (1877)
Severe two-day sandstorm.