What is a Double Rainbow?

July 12, 2010; 9:30 AM ET
Share |
Play video Find out how one of these rare rainbows occurs!

It is not uncommon to see a rainbow behind or ahead of a rain storm, but have you ever seen a double rainbow?

According to AccuWeather.com meteorologists, a ray of sunlight passes through a raindrop, reflecting off the back of the drop at varying angles.

Along with this reflection is refraction of light that causes of a spectrum of colors-- red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet.

Certain angles and "bending" reflect light better for refraction to occur, and the amount of light refraction corresponds to wavelength and color.

For example, blue light is always refracted at a deeper angle than red light. This is the reason blue is found at the inside of the bow and red on the very outside.

Here you can see three rainbows, the double in the sky and the primary reflected on the AccuWeather.com Head Quarters in State College, Pa., in January 2008. Image courtesy of AccuWeather.com Meteorologist Jesse Ferrell.

Nature's natural color spectrum always elicits the same pattern (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet) when light is refracted, commonly known from the Roy G. Biv mnemonic.

While a primary rainbow is visible when light is reflected once off the back of a raindrop, a secondary and usually dimmer rainbow is spotted when light is reflected twice in a more complicated pattern.

The colors of the second rainbow are inverted, with blue on the outside and red moved to the inside. The second bow appears dimmer or cloudier because much more light is released from two reflections, and both bows cover a larger portion of the sky.

It is rare and unlikely, but three or even four rainbows can be seen on occasion, but only if they are reflected off of the earthly objects.

The best time to see a rainbow is in the early morning or late afternoon, when the sun is lower in the sky. When the sun is in a lower position, a higher bow can be seen.

Many rain droplets of all different sizes, not just one, are responsible for this phenomena. Perhaps billions of water droplets and sunlight reflections make a rainbow visible to the human eye.

A double rainbow in Lorain, Ohio, on May 8, 2010. Image courtesy of AccuWeather.com User Hanna1.

Content contributed by AccuWeather.com Meteorologists Henry Margusity and Jim Andrews.

Related to the Story:

What is the Best Time of Day For a Rainbow?

Visit our Facebook Fan Page

Follow us on Twitter Breaking Weather


Comments left here should adhere to the AccuWeather.com Community Guidelines. Profanity, personal attacks, and spam will not be tolerated.

More Weather News

  • LIVE: Life-Threatening Floods Worsen in South Carolina

    October 4, 2015; 6:42 AM ET

    Lives and property will continue to be threatened in and around South Carolina through Monday as additional torrential rain pours down, further worsening already major to catastrophic flooding.

Daily U.S. Extremes

past 24 hours

  Extreme Location
High N/A
Low N/A
Precip N/A


This Day In Weather History

Philadelphia, PA (1777)
Battle of Germantown: "It had been misty at sunrise. The mist thickened into fog; the fog grew more dense." Great confusion ensued, American troops fired on each other and the battle was lost.

NE Maine & Bay of Fundy (1869)
"Saxby's Gale & Great New England Rainstorm & Flood -- Storm predicted a year previously great wind/tide damage in ME and New Brunswick high floods all New England 12.35" at Canton, CT.

Denver, CO (1969)
9.6 inches of snow fell. October of 1969 would end up being the coldest and snowiest of record for Denver with 31.2 inches of snow for the entire month.

Rough Weather