On Oct. 12, 1979, Super Typhoon Tip's central pressure dropped to 870 mb (25.69 inches Hg), the lowest sea-level pressure ever observed on Earth, according to NOAA. Peak wind gusts reached 190 mph (306 kph) while the storm churned over the western Pacific.
Besides having unsurpassed intensity, Super Typhoon Tip is also remembered for its massive size. Tip's diameter of circulation spanned approximately 1,380 miles (2,220 km), setting a record for the largest storm on Earth. The storm's huge diameter was exactly the same as the distance from New York City to Dallas.
A total of 40 U.S. Air Force aircraft reconnaissance missions flew into Typhoon Tip, making it one of the most closely monitored tropical cyclones, according to a post-analysis written by George Dunnavan and John Diercks.
Typhoon Tip slowly weakened before making landfall in southern Japan on Oct. 19, 1979. However, the typhoon was still the most intense to hit Japan's main island of Honshu in more than a decade. Tip claimed the lives of 86 people and injured hundreds of others.
The extreme winds of Tip knocked over a gasoline storage tank, causing an explosion and fire that spread rapidly through a U.S. Marine Corps camp at Mt. Fuji. The Associated Press reported that one person was killed and dozens of others were injured.
Extensive flooding destroyed more than 20,000 homes in Japan, while hundreds of mudslides occurred.
High-rise buildings in Tokyo swayed from the high winds as the typhoon struck.
Image of Typhoon Tip at its strongest on Oct. 12, 1979, from NOAA.
After a period of above-average temperatures dominated most of the Midwest and Northeast during much of April thus far, a complete reversal in the weather pattern is evolving this week.
A new round of thunderstorms will bring the risk of severe weather across parts of Texas and Oklahoma to the lower Mississippi Valley by the middle of the week.
Due to the positive feedback, the National Weather Service has expanded their former, experimental Impact Based Warnings to include the Southern region for the spring of 2015.
As residents are far from over with the recent cold winter across the Great Lakes, Mother Nature will bring the return of snowflakes to the region this week.
Global warming and climate change, two terms that are treated synonymously in most media coverage and casual debate, have been shown to spark different reactions from the American public.
Following strong to locally severe thunderstorms in part of the South Central states at midweek, the risk of violent storms will increase over the region on Friday.
Afton, VA (1992)
Dense fog caused a 50 vehicle pile up; two people were killed, and dozens were injured.
Gulf Coast (1927)
Disastrous Mississippi Delta floods left hundreds dead and half a million homeless.
Heavy burst of snow... 55" at Red Lodge 61" at Mye Mine 72" at Mystic Lake