On Oct. 12, 1979, Super Typhoon Tip's central pressure dropped to 870 mb (25.69 inches Hg), the lowest sea-level pressure ever observed on Earth, according to NOAA. Peak wind gusts reached 190 mph (306 kph) while the storm churned over the western Pacific.
Besides having unsurpassed intensity, Super Typhoon Tip is also remembered for its massive size. Tip's diameter of circulation spanned approximately 1,380 miles (2,220 km), setting a record for the largest storm on Earth. The storm's huge diameter was exactly the same as the distance from New York City to Dallas.
A total of 40 U.S. Air Force aircraft reconnaissance missions flew into Typhoon Tip, making it one of the most closely monitored tropical cyclones, according to a post-analysis written by George Dunnavan and John Diercks.
Typhoon Tip slowly weakened before making landfall in southern Japan on Oct. 19, 1979. However, the typhoon was still the most intense to hit Japan's main island of Honshu in more than a decade. Tip claimed the lives of 86 people and injured hundreds of others.
The extreme winds of Tip knocked over a gasoline storage tank, causing an explosion and fire that spread rapidly through a U.S. Marine Corps camp at Mt. Fuji. The Associated Press reported that one person was killed and dozens of others were injured.
Extensive flooding destroyed more than 20,000 homes in Japan, while hundreds of mudslides occurred.
High-rise buildings in Tokyo swayed from the high winds as the typhoon struck.
Image of Typhoon Tip at its strongest on Oct. 12, 1979, from NOAA.
After another mild day on Monday, cooler air will make a comeback in Detroit on Tuesday.
After another mild day on Monday, cooler air will make a comeback in Cleveland on Tuesday.
While remaining on a localized level through Tuesday, severe weather will ramp up across the Plains on Wednesday.
Throughout the United States, the greatest potential for the weather to disrupt outdoor plans and festivities on Easter Sunday exists across the Plains.
A potent area of low pressure moving into the West will dictate the weather from Washington to Texas heading into the new week.
Although spring may be in full swing, more than one-third of the Great Lakes remains covered in ice.
Marquette, MI (1982)
8" of snow fell in Marquette, MI, on this date. This brought the total snowfall to 240" for the winter -- an all-time record.
Southeastern VA (1991)
Torrential rain; 5.89" at Norfolk broke the 24-hour record for April (5.19" set in 1883). This was the most rain in one event since Hurricane Cleo dumped 11.40" from August 31 to September 1, 1964.
Omaha, NE (1992)
Snowfall of 9.3" -- only the 6th time in 100 years that over 1.5" of snow has fallen after April 15th. Only 13.3 inches fell for the entire season before this storm. Other snow totals: Brownsville, NE 14.0" Blair, NE 12.5" Offutt AFB, NE 12.0" Eppley, NE 10.0" Kansas City, MO 2.7"