On Oct. 12, 1979, Super Typhoon Tip's central pressure dropped to 870 mb (25.69 inches Hg), the lowest sea-level pressure ever observed on Earth, according to NOAA. Peak wind gusts reached 190 mph (306 kph) while the storm churned over the western Pacific.
Besides having unsurpassed intensity, Super Typhoon Tip is also remembered for its massive size. Tip's diameter of circulation spanned approximately 1,380 miles (2,220 km), setting a record for the largest storm on Earth. The storm's huge diameter was exactly the same as the distance from New York City to Dallas.
A total of 40 U.S. Air Force aircraft reconnaissance missions flew into Typhoon Tip, making it one of the most closely monitored tropical cyclones, according to a post-analysis written by George Dunnavan and John Diercks.
Typhoon Tip slowly weakened before making landfall in southern Japan on Oct. 19, 1979. However, the typhoon was still the most intense to hit Japan's main island of Honshu in more than a decade. Tip claimed the lives of 86 people and injured hundreds of others.
The extreme winds of Tip knocked over a gasoline storage tank, causing an explosion and fire that spread rapidly through a U.S. Marine Corps camp at Mt. Fuji. The Associated Press reported that one person was killed and dozens of others were injured.
Extensive flooding destroyed more than 20,000 homes in Japan, while hundreds of mudslides occurred.
High-rise buildings in Tokyo swayed from the high winds as the typhoon struck.
Image of Typhoon Tip at its strongest on Oct. 12, 1979, from NOAA.
Following a chilly start to the week, warmer weather and sunshine will make a return to the Chicago area over the next several days.
A brief period of tranquil weather will occur across the United Kingdom and neighboring northern Europe during the middle of the week.
The weather pattern that delivered drenching rain and flooding to Texas and the southern Plains during May will soak the Southeast states for the next week or two.
Accompanying the start of Meteorological Summer will be wet weather and the risk of flooding in the Northeast as well as unseasonably cool conditions in New England.
The month of June is underway and will begin with seasonable weather for the Bay Area.
The month of June is underway and will begin with seasonable weather for the Los Angeles area.
Runyeon, NJ (1938)
29 degrees -- lowest ever in state during June (in Middlesex County).
Falmouth, ME (1980)
Man hit by lightning; sight that he lost in a previous accident in 1971 miraculously restored.
Philadelphia, PA (1998)
A tornado in northeast Philadelphia; one building collapsed and houses were unroofed, windows blown out of parked cars.