On Oct. 12, 1979, Super Typhoon Tip's central pressure dropped to 870 mb (25.69 inches Hg), the lowest sea-level pressure ever observed on Earth, according to NOAA. Peak wind gusts reached 190 mph (306 kph) while the storm churned over the western Pacific.
Besides having unsurpassed intensity, Super Typhoon Tip is also remembered for its massive size. Tip's diameter of circulation spanned approximately 1,380 miles (2,220 km), setting a record for the largest storm on Earth. The storm's huge diameter was exactly the same as the distance from New York City to Dallas.
A total of 40 U.S. Air Force aircraft reconnaissance missions flew into Typhoon Tip, making it one of the most closely monitored tropical cyclones, according to a post-analysis written by George Dunnavan and John Diercks.
Typhoon Tip slowly weakened before making landfall in southern Japan on Oct. 19, 1979. However, the typhoon was still the most intense to hit Japan's main island of Honshu in more than a decade. Tip claimed the lives of 86 people and injured hundreds of others.
The extreme winds of Tip knocked over a gasoline storage tank, causing an explosion and fire that spread rapidly through a U.S. Marine Corps camp at Mt. Fuji. The Associated Press reported that one person was killed and dozens of others were injured.
Extensive flooding destroyed more than 20,000 homes in Japan, while hundreds of mudslides occurred.
High-rise buildings in Tokyo swayed from the high winds as the typhoon struck.
Image of Typhoon Tip at its strongest on Oct. 12, 1979, from NOAA.
A stretch of higher-than-average temperatures will continue across a large portion of the Western U.S. this week.
A dominant storm track featuring storms moving west to east across Europe will result in a stark contrast between cold air building across Scandinavia and milder air masses entrenched near the Mediterranean.
An El Nino-fueled October will feature more rainfall and storms for Southwest beginning this week.
After waves of cool air progress through the Midwest and Northeast this week, some areas will be cold enough for the first snow showers of the season by this weekend.
A "blob" of abnormally cold water in the North Atlantic, located near Greenland, has the potential to put enough drag on the ocean current to impact weather conditions in the years to come.
Tropical Storm Nora moved into to the Central Pacific Basin on Sunday, where unusually warm waters have already led to a record 13 tropical systems this hurricane season.
Denver, CO (1982)
Wet snow - 6 inches foothills; slush in city. Power lines down, as well as trees.
Early-season snows: Jay Peak 6 inches Warren 5 inches
New England (1990)
Remains of Tropical Storms Klaus and Marco brought torrential rains and flooding. Parts of Connecticut had 6 inches of rain or more. Stafford, CT, had 4.20 inches.