On Oct. 12, 1979, Super Typhoon Tip's central pressure dropped to 870 mb (25.69 inches Hg), the lowest sea-level pressure ever observed on Earth, according to NOAA. Peak wind gusts reached 190 mph (306 kph) while the storm churned over the western Pacific.
Besides having unsurpassed intensity, Super Typhoon Tip is also remembered for its massive size. Tip's diameter of circulation spanned approximately 1,380 miles (2,220 km), setting a record for the largest storm on Earth. The storm's huge diameter was exactly the same as the distance from New York City to Dallas.
A total of 40 U.S. Air Force aircraft reconnaissance missions flew into Typhoon Tip, making it one of the most closely monitored tropical cyclones, according to a post-analysis written by George Dunnavan and John Diercks.
Typhoon Tip slowly weakened before making landfall in southern Japan on Oct. 19, 1979. However, the typhoon was still the most intense to hit Japan's main island of Honshu in more than a decade. Tip claimed the lives of 86 people and injured hundreds of others.
The extreme winds of Tip knocked over a gasoline storage tank, causing an explosion and fire that spread rapidly through a U.S. Marine Corps camp at Mt. Fuji. The Associated Press reported that one person was killed and dozens of others were injured.
Extensive flooding destroyed more than 20,000 homes in Japan, while hundreds of mudslides occurred.
High-rise buildings in Tokyo swayed from the high winds as the typhoon struck.
Thank you for your patience during our recent Comments outage. Comments have returned, including comments on previous stories & blogs before the outage. As before, Comments that don't add to the conversation may be automatically or manually removed by Facebook or AccuWeather. Profanity, personal attacks, and spam will not be tolerated.
Fog will continue to limit visibility and cause slick surfaces across Germany over the next several days.
A pair of storm systems will dampen Republic Day celebrations across India on Thursday.
Residents picking up the pieces after violent thunderstorms ripped through the southeastern United States will face the return of wintry air late this week.
Storms packing heavy rain and mountain snow will take a break beginning during the middle of this week, while further drought relief looks promising.
Hypothermia is one of the main concerns for anyone who spends extended time outside in the cold.
A multi-day outbreak of severe weather killed at least 19 people and brought devastation to communities across the Southeast on Saturday and Sunday.
Gusty winds and snow will sweep across the north-central United States through Tuesday night.
The death toll from rounds of severe weather across the South over the weekend has risen to at least 18.