Alvin, Texas, was deluged by 43 inches of rain in 24 hours from July 24-25, 1979, setting an all-time record 24-hour rainfall for the U.S.
The torrential rain fell as Tropical Storm Claudette made landfall near the Texas-Louisiana border before stalling right over Alvin.
The 24-hour rainfall in Alvin may also be the record for the world's greatest 24-hour rainfall occurring over flat terrain, according to the Atlantic Hurricane Season Summary of 1979 released by the National Hurricane Center.
Other locations in Texas were also inundated by more than 30 inches of rain from Claudette.
This rainfall map from Tropical Storm Claudette shows a bulls-eye of rain over southeastern Texas with amounts of over 30 inches. Courtesy of NOAA.
The greatest 24-hour rainfall amount in the world is nearly 72 inches at Foc-Foc, La Reunion Island, an island located in the Indian Ocean to the east of Madagascar, Jan. 7-8, 1966. The rain was unleashed by a tropical cyclone churning in the Indian Ocean. The mountainous terrain across the island rises to as high as 10,070 feet above sea level on the Piton des Neiges volcano.
Following a dip in temperature during the middle of the week, summerlike warmth will rebound across much of the Northeast by this weekend.
Severe storms are set to ignite yet again across the Plains Thursday and Friday, bringing more rounds of dangerous weather to many.
While a few showers will pass east of the Bay Area, seasonable weather and sunshine will hold in place through the weekend.
The central and southern Plains will continue to be pummeled by strong storms for the next several days, but the most potent severe weather threat is likely to be during the Mother's Day weekend.
Wind, seas and surf will build in advance of what is likely to become the first tropical system of 2015 along the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States late this week.
Summer will lack any long-lasting heat waves across northwestern Europe, while parts of southern and eastern Europe will feel the heat.
Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes caused damage for the third consecutive night.
Natchez, MS (1840)
Great Natchez tornado: most deadly and destructive in all pre-U.S. Weather Bureau history. City in ruins; 340 killed, mostly by drowning in the river.
White Mountain 2, CA (1964)
-15 degrees; U.S. record for May (lower 48 states).