Social media helps the rapid exchange of pictures during severe weather outbreaks. The most popular of which are stunning yet sometimes dangerous cloud formations.
The following is an explanation of "mothership" clouds, "mushroom" clouds and other clouds that should make people react and find safety.
Facebook user Chris Gullikson posted this picture of a "mothership cloud" from a tornado on May 21, 2012 in Adrian, Tex. with Tempest Tours. More Pictures of "Mothership" Clouds.
"Mothership" Clouds, or Supercell Thunderstorms
Supercell thunderstorms are dangerous storms that have a strong updraft and rotation. These storms can be very long-lived and can produce significant damage in many communities.
"Storms possessing this structure have been observed to generate the vast majority of long-lived strong and violent (F2-F5) tornadoes, as well as downburst damage and large hail," according to the National Weather Service.
Supercell thunderstorms often form discretely, or separate from an organized line or cluster of thunderstorms.
This type of thunderstorm forms in an environment with warm and humid conditions that promote rapid lifting of air. Quickly changing wind speed and/or direction with altitude helps rotation develop by adding a twisting motion to the atmosphere.
The combination of the discrete formation and strong rotation of supercell thunderstorms allows for a dramatic appearance that can be described as "mothership" clouds.
A great shot of a shelf cloud in Florida, tweeted by Jason Weingart. More Pictures of Shelf Clouds.
Shelf clouds often form at the leading edge of a gust front or outflow boundary from a thunderstorm, or strong winds flowing down and outward from a storm.
The outer part of a shelf cloud is often smoother with a notable rising motion exhibited by a tiered look (hence, the name shelf cloud!). Underneath, a turbulent, unsettled appearance is often the case.
A shelf cloud should be seen as a harbinger of strong winds, so take caution.
This wall cloud is from Flickr user W.O.T. Photography. More Pictures of Wall Clouds.
A wall cloud is a cloud that is lowered from a thunderstorm, forming when rapidly rising air causes lower pressure below the storm's main updraft.
"Wall clouds can range from a fraction of a mile up to nearly five miles in diameter," according to the National Weather Service.
Wall clouds that rotate are a warning sign of very violent thunderstorms. They can be an indication that a tornado will touch down within minutes or even within an hour.
Funnel cloud from the road by Flickr user bark. More Pictures of Funnel Clouds.
A funnel cloud is a rotating column of air (visible due to condensation) that does not reach the ground.
If a funnel cloud reaches all the way to the ground then it is classified as a tornado.
When out on the road, a funnel cloud should be treated as a tornado, since they could touch down.
The Tuscaloosa-Birmingham tornado picture tweeted by felixk87. More Pictures of Tornadoes.
A tornado is a rotating column of air, reaching all the way to the ground. Strong tornadoes are one of the most destructive forces of nature on a small scale. The strongest of which can level entire towns.
A roaring noise, often compared to that of a train, can be heard in many cases when a tornado touches down.
Vehicles are NOT a safe place to be if there is a tornado nearby.
Anvil cloud tweeted by DeepGoat. More Pictures of Anvils.
Thunderstorm Anvil Clouds
Anvil clouds are the flat top of a thunderstorm, or cumulonimbus cloud.
Anvils can spread up to "hundreds of miles downwind from the thunderstorm itself," according to the National Weather Service.
Lightning can strike from anvil clouds, even far away from a thunderstorm. Lightning described as striking "from out of the blue" is usually from an anvil cloud that has drifted from a thunderstorm.
Recently, "mushroom" clouds photographed in Beijing were actually anvil clouds.
Striking mammatus clouds can sometimes be seen below thunderstorm anvil clouds.
Mammatus clouds tweeted by Taylor Reddick. More Pictures of Mammatus Clouds.
The rounded and smooth look of mammutus clouds captivate onlookers. They are often found underneath anvil clouds of severe thunderstorms; however, they can form underneath clouds associated with non-severe thunderstorms as well.
It takes a turbulent atmosphere for these clouds to develop.
AccuWeather Photo gallery picture of asperatus clouds from user jeromemck. More Pictures of Asperatus Clouds.
Asperatus clouds are very ominous in appearance, usually described as looking like a rough sea.
An abundance of heat in the atmosphere is needed to produce enough energy for the dramatic, rolling formations of asperatus clouds. Another factor is the interaction of very moist air (often on the fringes of thunderstorm complexes) with very dry air.
The darkness of the clouds is likely due to the large amount of water vapor.
Asperatus clouds are not necessarily accompanied by stormy weather. In fact, they have often been observed without the development of thunderstorms.
Temperatures will plummet by as much as 35 degrees Fahrenheit in less than 24 hours along the I-95 corridor from New York City and Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.
This late-winter storm has cut power to more than 100,000 from Illinois to the mid-Atlantic, with more expected as it continues in northern New England.
A spike in severe thunderstorms, capable of producing tornadoes, will follow a slow start to severe weather season in 2014.
The total count of tornadoes nationwide at the end of this year is challenging to predict, but some similarities to last year's severe weather season are likely in 2014.
Dust storms rolled through parts of New Mexico and Texas Tuesday night, March 11, 2014, reducing visibilities to near zero.
After a springlike Tuesday in Pittsburgh, a rainy Wednesday will end with snow and ice.
6 waterspouts were spotted by a pilot between Seal Beach and Santa Catalina Island.
Cincinnati, OH (1907)
(12th-13th) 5.22 inches of rain in 24 hours.
Eastern States (1993)
One of the most powerful storms on record left a trail of destruction over a large area from Cuba and the Gulf of Mexico northward to eastern Canada (March 12-14). "The Storm of the Century," killed more than 110 people, broke snowfall and pressure readings in 13 cities and set record low temperatures in 132 locations. Severe thunderstorms and tornadoes ripped through Florida. Beach erosion and coastal flooding were common up and down the Eastern Seaboard. Coastal winds gusted to 50-90 mph. Six to twelve inches of snow fell on average from Washington, D.C., to Boston, MA. The snow was followed by sleet and rain. A total of 2-3 feet of snow fell from the mountains of North Carolina to central New York state. Drifts were of massive proportions.