For many residents of the North, it felt like a frigid month of January, but the actual temperatures, compared to average, might be surprising.
The Winter 2011-2012 season was very mild with above-average temperatures across nearly the entire country outside of the Northwest.
Winter 2012-2013 has felt much colder from the West Coast to the northern Plains all the way into the mid-Atlantic and Northeast.
AccuWeather.com meteorologists compared the temperature departures from January 2012 and January 2013 to find out exactly how different the two months were for selected cities across the country.
January 2012 vs. January 2013 Temperature Departures in Degrees Fahrenheit
Boston: +5.1 vs. +2.5
New York City: +4.6 vs. +2.5
Pittsburgh: +4.4 vs. +3.1
Detroit: +5.1 vs. +3.3
Chicago: +6.5 vs. +2.8
Minneapolis: +7.7 vs. +1.3
Fargo: +10.3 vs. +1.5
Atlanta: +5.8 vs. +6.6
New Orleans: +7.4 vs. +3.2
Dallas: +4.4 vs. +3.1
Phoenix: +2.3 vs. -2.8
Sacramento: +1.5 vs. -2.2
Seattle: -2.3 vs. -3.8
By and large, temperature departures for this past month were still above normal from the northern Plains into the Northeast. However, they were not nearly as extreme as last January.
So, how in the world was it above normal when it's been frigid in some locations?
The answer lies in the 30-year averages which this year's numbers were compared against, and how the first part of the month turned out. Don't forget that the first week of January turned out close to normal for the mid-Atlantic and New England with the second week running between 10-15 degrees above normal.
Even across the northern Plains, temperatures were well above normal in the second week of the month before crashing down during the middle and later part.
When there is a stretch of 7-9 days above normal it becomes very hard to counteract the initial departure, even with a few days of arctic temperatures mixed in.
The only real zone of below-normal temperatures found was across the Intermountain West and the Pacific Northwest where shots of cold air were common in during the month.
The cold air was even trapped at the surface, leading to widespread bouts of freezing fog in the interior valleys, which caused temperatures to remain well below average.
Ultimately, January has been quite a bit colder than last year across the country, however, still above average over the eastern two-thirds.
Expert Senior Meteorologist Alex Sosnowski has a comparison of snowfall for this season so far, normal to date and last year.
Snow and spotty ice will swing across parts of the central and northern Plains to the Upper Midwest as November ends and December begins.
After the brief shot of chilly air this past weekend, the month of December will start out mild across the Northeast.
December will begin with a roar across the Northwest as rounds of rain, mountain snow and even ice are in store this week.
The reprieve from heavy rain across southern India will not last with the threat for flooding downpours set to return for the final day of November.
Studies show that heart attacks increase in December and January each year.
Eastern Maine (1964)
Down east blizzard 12-18" snow, accompanied by 60 mph winds; 8' drifts. Record snow from Detroit to Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, PA 8.5" snow, most for date Akron-Canton, OH 24" snowstorm Dec. 1-2 - biggest snowstorm on record Detroit, MI Record 19.2" snow paralyzed city.
Ohio, Ontario (1996)
A line of severe thunder storms moved across the state. In Cleveland, OH there was a 60 mph wind gust. An 18-foot tractor trailer was blown over on I-77 in Richfield, OH. In Guelph, ON a wind gust lifted the roof of a gym, where a church group was playing basketball. Residents of one neighborhood saw a car spinning on its grill like a top.
Erie Canal (1831)
Coldest December ever closed Erie Canal.