The Enhanced Fujita Scale is used to assign tornadoes a rating based on estimated wind speeds and damage.
The EF Scale became operational on Feb. 1, 2007. It was revised from the original Fujita Scale, developed in 1971 by Tetsuya Fujita, to better reflect wind speed with damage observed in tornado surveys.
Deadly Severe Weather Facts & Safety Tips:
Tropical Depression Eight could become a tropical storm while brushing the North Carolina coast with rough surf, downpours and locally gusty thunderstorms into Tuesday night.
Following several stretches of unseasonable heat in August, September is set to yield lower temperatures across the United Kingdom.
Tropical Depression Nine developed just south of Florida on Sunday and will turn toward the northeastern Gulf Coast of the United States later this week.
Another strong tropical disturbance will move off the coast of Africa early this week and bears watching for strengthening and impact on the Caribbean and the United States during September.
Tropical Storm Lionrock is poised to make landfall in Japan on Tuesday afternoon local time with heavy rainfall, damaging winds and an inundating storm surge.
Following a stormy weekend across Germany, a period of dry and more seasonable weather is in store this week.
West Virginia (1989)
Lightning sets numerous house and trailer fires. Firefighters could not keep up with all the fires that were burning.
Incredible "snow" hurricane whitened parts of the Catskills.
Santa Cruz (1929)
Coastal Steamer San Juan (over 2,000 tons) was rammed off Pigeon Point near Santa Cruz, CA by the oil tanker S.C.T. Doss which was proceeding at "excessive speed in fog without sounding fog signals". 70 passengers and crew of San Juan drowned.