Hurricane Isabel was the costliest and deadliest hurricane of the 2003 season, claiming lives and causing extensive damage and flooding across North Carolina and Virginia.
As a Category 2 storm, Isabel made landfall along the Outer Banks of North Carolina on Sept. 18, 2003. The storm killed 17 people and caused more than $3 billion in damage.
"Isabel is considered one of the most significant tropical cyclones to affect northeast North Carolina, east central Virginia, and the Chesapeake and Potomac regions since Hurricane Hazel in 1954 and the Chesapeake-Potomac Hurricane of 1933," according to NOAA.
Storm surge of more than 8 feet resulted in flooding for all rivers that flowed into the Chesapeake Bay across Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and Washington, D.C.
Warmer air will build from California to Washington into Tuesday raising temperatures to near-record levels.
Waves of arctic air invading the eastern half of the United States this week will culminate with the coldest weather of the season so far for some areas by the second weekend of February.
The new week will bring more opportunities for snow to create slick travel in the northeastern United States, starting with a winter storm set to sideswipe New England on Monday.
As the first of several waves of arctic air sweep southeastward across the Midwest, just enough snow will occur to cause slippery travel over a broad area into Monday.
In some circumstances climate, environmental factors and weather have led to some of the most exciting, mysterious and academically important discoveries of all time.
Chicago, FL (1987)
Wind gusts of 65-70 mph from the north and northeast produced 15 foot waves on Lake Michigan. There were extensive shoreline erosion resulting in millions of dollars, and boulders 6 feet in diameter were pushed on shore.
60-80 mph winds from a powerful storm in the Pacific.
Seminole, TX (1933)
-23 degrees , Texas state record.