The year 2010 is on track to become the hottest year on record since modern record keeping began, according to climate researchers at the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.
This follows confirmation that the first seven months of 2010 were the warmest since 1880, when the modern climate record began.
Worldwide, July was the second warmest July on record with an average temperature of 16.5 C (61.7 F). The warmest July recorded was July 1998.
But for land alone, July 2010 was the warmest on record.
All-time national record high temperatures were reached during July in Finland, Belarus and Ukraine due to the strength of severe European heat waves.
Moscow, Russia, had its highest temperature ever at 38.2 C, or 100.8 F.
Other nations reaching their highest-ever temperatures included Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Iraq, Kuwait, Cyprus, Chad, Sudan, Niger, Myanmar, Colombia and even the Solomon Islands.
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Heavy rain returning to the northern Plains will generate a renewed flood threat for the Red River.
Mount Saint Helens has erupted several times since the destructive 1980 eruption, and likely will again in the future.
Seven homes have been red tagged, meaning do not occupy, and six others are under a voluntary evacuation order.
Though recovery continues from Superstorm Sandy, residents and homeowners on the Atlantic coast should prepare for another active season in 2013.
More severe weather is in store for the Plains in the wake of a day with more than 200 reports of severe weather.
Heat Wave: New York City 99 degrees (May record) Baltimore (airport) 98 degrees (May record) Philadelphia, PA 96 degrees (tied May record)
Moorcroft, WY (1978)
27 inches of snow (17th-20th), bringing total for the month to 92 inches.
New England (1780)
The Dark Day: a famous weather event in New England. The sky appeared almost nighttime at noon and chickens went to roost. The phenomenon cleared up late in the afternoon and was later learned to have been caused by massive forest fires in the West.