Today marks the anniversary of when Death Valley, Calif., set the all-time record high for not just the United States, but also the Western Hemisphere.
Temperatures in Death Valley (at Greenland Ranch, which is now known as Furnace Creek Ranch) soared to 134 degrees on July 10, 1913.
That date was actually one of five consecutive days when Death Valley recorded a high of 129 degrees or higher.
The high of 134 degrees from 1913 goes beyond the record books of the Western Hemisphere. It is the second hottest temperature ever measured in the world. El Azizia, Libya, sits at the top of that list with a high of 136 degrees on Sept. 13, 1922.
While a high of 134 degrees is extreme even by Death Valley's standards, blazing heat is not uncommon. The maximum average high temperature in July is 120 degrees, compared to the 106 degrees in Phoenix, Ariz.
Death Valley owes its hot weather to its extremely low elevation (it sits at nearly 300 feet below sea level) and dry climate.
Death Valley averages only 2.33 inches of rain each year, meaning there is hardly ever moisture in the ground, and the sun's energy can be used entirely for heating.
When the sun's energy comes into contact with wet ground, evaporation takes place and reduces the amount of heating that could ultimately take place.
Interestingly, the all-time coldest reading in Death Valley was also set in 1913. Temperatures bottomed out at 15 degrees on Jan. 8 of that year, according to the Death Valley National Park's website.
Hurricane Ignacio may enhance showers and stir rough surf for the Hawaiian Islands as it approaches next week.
After Erika brings heavy rain and locally gusty winds from Hispaniola eastern Cuba into Friday night, the system will move toward the Bahamas, the Keys and South Florida this weekend.
As many as seven tropical cyclones were churning throughout the world this past week, while smoke from wildfires across the Pacific Northwest led to poor air quality across the region.
Heat and humidity will return to Harrisburg this weekend and hang on into next week.
Heat will linger in Eastern Europe for much of the fall season; meanwhile, the British Isles and northwestern Europe can expect a stormy end to the season.
As Hurricane Katrina barreled towards the Gulf Coast, peaking at Category 5 strength while feasting on the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico, meteorologists around the country prepared to deliver one of the most crucial and life-saving forecasts in history.
A five-state tornado outbreak in Nebraska, Kansas, Wyoming, Iowa and Missouri occurred on this date. In all, 20 tornadoes were reported. Nine were in Iowa. One near Farragut, IA, in the extreme SW corner of the state, caused several fatalities and numerous injuries.
Sherman Pass, WA (1980)
2 inches of snow.
Pennsylvania & New Jersey (1971)
Tropical Storm Doria caused severe floods in southeastern PA and NJ. Damage estimated at $138 million.