The French Open, which runs May 25 through June 8, 2014, draws in the fiercest tennis competitors of today's world as they vie for the prestigious Roland-Garros title. However, weather patterns in Paris over the course of the tournament could favor some athletes over others.
"The weather is a huge factor in determining competitive advantages for tennis players," retired American Tennis Pro and Analyst and On-Air Talent with the Tennis Channel Justin Gimelstob said.
After a sunny and comfortable start to the Open on Sunday, May 25, 2014, a cool and unsettled start to the first week of competition unfolded. Because of this, players' defensive skills became even more essential for securing victory in the beginning of the tournament.
Just last year in 2013, the whole event was mostly cold and damp, which made it tougher for athletes to penetrate the court and thus finish points, according to Gimelstob.
"The cooler and more mild the conditions, the more defensive skills are at a premium," Gimelstob said.
Warmer weather is on the way, as the warmest weather of the tournament will come for the final rounds, Friday through Sunday.
"The warmer weather creates faster conditions which favor more aggressive players like Serena Williams, Maria Sharapova, Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal," Gimelstob said.
Along with the warm up, there will also be a threat for a shower or thunderstorm both Saturday and Sunday. The highest risk for a shower or thunderstorm will be on Sunday, but most of the weekend is expected to be rain free.
Rafael Nadal is in action at the 2013 French Open in Paris, France. The prestigious competition began Sunday, May 26, 2013, and finished on Sunday, June 9, 2013. (Photo/Tennis Channel)
Known for their "red clay" compositions, both Court Philippe-Chatrier and Court Suzanne Lenglen can be affected by heat, which can make the ball more explosive off the court. In drier, hotter conditions, the ball does not absorb as much moisture, thus helping the ball accelerate, according to Gimelstob.
Just last year, the afternoon of the 2013 men's semifinal was the warmest day of the tournament, and as a result, the court was not as moist.
"This was a HUGE advantage for Rafael Nadal, aiding his excessive topspin, making the ball jump higher, less predictably and tougher for Djokovic to defend against," Gimelstob said. "This year the same elements apply."
Although all athletes train to perform well, no matter the conditions, the weather could favor some players over others.
"Obviously all great players can adjust to whatever conditions and variables they are confronted with, but subtle differences move the margins in different directions," Gimelstob said.
As temperatures rise through the weekend in the South, so will the risk for heat-related dangers.
While heavy rainfall inundated the Phoenix area with historic flooding, deadly landslides occurred in Japan, claiming dozens of lives.
While a tropical low is expected to brew into Tropical Storm Cristobal this weekend, the East Coast of the U.S. is being monitored for future impacts -- even if the storm remains well offshore.
United States residents may pay higher heating costs this fall as colder air is expected to grip the Rockies and Plains at times and some quick-hitting chilly shots may impact the Northeast.
A swath of soaking rain will slowly shift from the northern Plains to the Canadian Prairies this weekend, making people reach for their umbrellas and heightening concerns for flooding.
While residents will face more disruptions to outdoor activities on Saturday, dry air will push southward across Pittsburgh to end the weekend.
Dallas/Ft. Worth, TX (1980)
105 degrees -- the 60th consecutive day with a high temperature of at least 100 degrees.
Lake Ontario (1987)
Strong northwesterly winds caused upwelling. On the south shore, the water temperature was 70 degrees, but along the north shore, it was only 41 degrees.
Heavy rains caused floods. Kilmarnock, VA, had a two-day total of 13.50 inches, and Nassawaddox, VA, had 12 inches.