The French Open, which runs May 25 through June 8, 2014, draws in the fiercest tennis competitors of today's world as they vie for the prestigious Roland-Garros title. However, weather patterns in Paris over the course of the tournament could favor some athletes over others.
"The weather is a huge factor in determining competitive advantages for tennis players," retired American Tennis Pro and Analyst and On-Air Talent with the Tennis Channel Justin Gimelstob said.
After a sunny and comfortable start to the Open on Sunday, May 25, 2014, a cool and unsettled start to the first week of competition unfolded. Because of this, players' defensive skills became even more essential for securing victory in the beginning of the tournament.
Just last year in 2013, the whole event was mostly cold and damp, which made it tougher for athletes to penetrate the court and thus finish points, according to Gimelstob.
"The cooler and more mild the conditions, the more defensive skills are at a premium," Gimelstob said.
Warmer weather is on the way, as the warmest weather of the tournament will come for the final rounds, Friday through Sunday.
"The warmer weather creates faster conditions which favor more aggressive players like Serena Williams, Maria Sharapova, Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal," Gimelstob said.
Along with the warm up, there will also be a threat for a shower or thunderstorm both Saturday and Sunday. The highest risk for a shower or thunderstorm will be on Sunday, but most of the weekend is expected to be rain free.
Rafael Nadal is in action at the 2013 French Open in Paris, France. The prestigious competition began Sunday, May 26, 2013, and finished on Sunday, June 9, 2013. (Photo/Tennis Channel)
Known for their "red clay" compositions, both Court Philippe-Chatrier and Court Suzanne Lenglen can be affected by heat, which can make the ball more explosive off the court. In drier, hotter conditions, the ball does not absorb as much moisture, thus helping the ball accelerate, according to Gimelstob.
Just last year, the afternoon of the 2013 men's semifinal was the warmest day of the tournament, and as a result, the court was not as moist.
"This was a HUGE advantage for Rafael Nadal, aiding his excessive topspin, making the ball jump higher, less predictably and tougher for Djokovic to defend against," Gimelstob said. "This year the same elements apply."
Although all athletes train to perform well, no matter the conditions, the weather could favor some players over others.
"Obviously all great players can adjust to whatever conditions and variables they are confronted with, but subtle differences move the margins in different directions," Gimelstob said.
A train of storms will slam into the Northwest United States well into next week and perhaps through much of December.
Downpours will continue the threat for flooding across parts of southern India this week.
Tens of thousands will gather in rainy and mild conditions at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City on Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2015, for the 83rd annual Christmas tree lighting.
Rain will spread across much of the Eastern states into the second day of December 2015.
Snow will linger across parts of the northern Plains to the Upper Midwest as December begins.
Following several days of dry weather, a weak area frontal boundary will bring rainfall to northern France Thursday night into Friday.
Chautauqua Co., NY (1966)
54" of snow from Lake effect storm.
Casper, NY (1982)
22" of snow. 4" shy of the record for all of December.
Dubuque, IA (1985)
Blizzard-like conditions brought an all time record 18.6 inches of snow.