One major polar challenge remains left to achieve, and 68-year-old British Expeditioner Sir Ranulph Fiennes and his crew are determined to change that.
Fiennes and his five colleagues have officially embarked on what they are calling "The Coldest Journey," a winter expedition across Antarctica.
The team seeks to spend six months traveling nearly 2,000 miles, crossing the polar plateau at an average height of 10,000 feet above sea level.
Most of the journey will be made in complete darkness, with the possibility for temperatures to drop as low as 130 degrees below zero F.
"There is no colder part of the Earth than the surface of the Antarctic icecap in winter," AccuWeather.com Expert Senior Meteorologist Jim Andrews said.
"Nearest rivals to the Antarctic icecap, with respect to deep cold, would be the Greenland icecap, which has no permanent inhabitants, and the Siberian 'Pole of Cold,' located in northeastern Asia," Andrews said.
Two towns in the Pole of Cold lay claim to the lowest temperature in an inhabited place, Oymyakon, 96 degrees below zero F, and Verkhoyansk, 90 degrees below zero F. Typical lows, however, are more like 50 degrees below zero F to 70 degrees below zero F during the depths of winter.
The risk is high for expeditioners on "The Coldest Journey," as emergency rescues are not possible during the Antarctic winter.
Air travel is too risky in constant darkness, and the extreme temperatures during the winter months are low enough to freeze fuel.
Previously, no expedition has ever ventured farther than 60 miles into Antarctica during the winter, but the team plans to do more than set a new record. Fiennes and his colleagues will undertake many research responsibilities, such as gathering unique data on marine life, oceanography and meteorology.
Additionally, the crew aims to raise $10 million for a global initiative called "Seeing is Believing" (SIB) to help prevent avoidable blindness in developing nations.
This is not the first journey for Fiennes with so many inherent risks. Previously, he has succeeded in running seven marathons in seven days on seven continents, summiting Mount Everest and becoming the first person to completely cross the Antarctic continent on foot.
In completing these expeditions, Ranulph has raised millions for various U.K. charities.
"We have only been able to get here today after five years of intensive planning," Expedition Co-Leader Anton Bowring said on the team's blog. "Don't underestimate the amount of work that has gone into this."
Thank you for your patience during our recent Comments outage. Comments have returned, including comments on previous stories & blogs before the outage. As before, Comments that don't add to the conversation may be automatically or manually removed by Facebook or AccuWeather. Profanity, personal attacks, and spam will not be tolerated.
Storms packing heavy rain and mountain snow will take a break beginning during the middle of this week, while further drought relief looks promising.
A pair of storm systems will dampen Republic Day celebrations across India on Thursday.
Fog will continue to limit visibility and cause slick surfaces across Germany over the next several days.
Hypothermia is one of the main concerns for anyone who spends extended time outside in the cold.
A multi-day outbreak of severe weather killed at least 19 people and brought devastation to communities across the Southeast on Saturday and Sunday.
Gusty winds and snow will sweep across the north-central United States from Monday night to Tuesday night.
The death toll from rounds of severe weather across the South over the weekend has risen to at least 18.
A storm will bring major disruptions to the northeastern United States into Tuesday.