Despite recent storms during the autumn and first part of the winter, drought conditions are forecast to continue over a large part of the Plains.
Rainfall has been sufficient over the Ohio and lower Mississippi basins.
However, unless there is a big turnaround later this winter and spring, more significant problems could be ahead for the Mississippi River above the Ohio River junction.
While a storm is forecast to swing northeastward over the Central states, much of the rain may fall south and east of St. Louis. Mississippi River levels are expected to dip again next week at St. Louis, according to National Weather Service hydrologists.
Levels at St. Louis were hovering under minus 3 feet on Jan. 3, 2013, and were projected to dip to below minus 5 feet during the weekend of Jan. 12-13, 2013. The record low level for the Mississippi River at St. Louis is minus 6.20 feet set on Jan. 16, 1940.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has been taking steps to keep the shipping channel open by dredging the river bottom, removing rocky outcroppings and placing barriers under the water to minimize shifting silt. The rest is up to Mother Nature. Barge companies have been limiting their loads due to the low water levels.
Snow fell over part of the winter wheat belt with the storm just after Christmas 2012. However, much more moisture is needed through the winter and into the spring.
According to Agricultural Meteorologist Dale Mohler, "One of the big problems the Central states had last spring was a lack of thunderstorm complexes."
These groups of thunderstorms are the major source for spring rainfall and runoff over the Plains and Midwest, following melting snow early.
According to AccuWeather.com's Long Range Team of meteorologists headed by Paul Pastelok, "There are concerns for drought continuing over the central High Plains and the northern Plains in general going into the spring."
This area encompasses a large part of the watershed for the Missouri and upper Mississippi rivers.
Opportunities from rain and/or snow would increase moving southeastward from the Plains toward the Ohio Valley during the winter. However, an area of high pressure is likely to set up over the central Rockies and central High Plains.
Pastelok stated that the pattern does not look to be as dry of a start this spring, when compared to last year from Iowa to the Ohio Valley and some moisture is likely to make appearances over the southern Plains.
There is also some good news for the Southeast.
"Indications are that the drought/abnormally dry areas over Georgia and the Carolinas will shrink moving through the winter and should be mostly gone by the spring," Pastelok said.
Water levels were slowly rising on Lake Lanier, Ga., in recent days thanks to recent storms and reduced water releases. The reservoir is the major source of drinking water for the Atlanta metro area.
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, Lake Lanier had dipped to its fifth lowest level on record during December 2012 with a reading of 1,056.23 feet. The record low mark was set on Dec. 28, 2007, at 1,050.75 feet and occurred about 10 weeks after this photograph was taken in Cumming, Ga., on Oct. 12, 2007. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)
Large storm systems are projected by AccuWeather.com to sweep northeastward from the Gulf Coast toward the Ohio Valley, Appalachians and East Coast during much of the balance of the winter.
As a large storm rolls out of the Plains and Midwest, a swath of snow, ice and travel disruptions will extend into the Northeast beginning during the latter part of the weekend.
February's record cold is expected to weaken across the East and Midwest heading into the month of March.
The weekend is setting up to be a slippery and messy one across a large part of the Plains and Midwest as a new winter storm rolls northeastward.
Residents in Spokane, Washington, recently caught sight of the unique phenomenon known as "hole punch" clouds that cause a gaping hole in the otherwise cloudy sky.
The week kicked off with a heavy snow expanding across areas of the Four Corners states before striking the South with snow and ice, causing treacherous travel from Shreveport, Louisiana, to Memphis, Tennessee.
Snowshoers across the country will descend upon Eau Claire, Wisconsin, from Feb. 27 to March 1 to compete in the 2015 U.S. National Snowshoe Championships.
Harrisburg, IL (1999)
A thunderstorm wind gust to 80 mph causing a roof to be blown off a house and a car to be blown off the road.
New England (1717)
First of a series of storms of The Great Snow which finally left about 36" on ground, held Boston snowbound for 3 weeks. Great barometric depression moved across Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri and Illinois. Lowest pressure 28.71" at Springfield, IL.