More factors into the result of an election than just politics, said Dr. Michael Berkman, Professor of Political Science at Penn State University.
Weather can play a game-changing role in voter turn out at the polls.
"So when we're thinking about voter turn out, what we're considering is what kinds of costs are imposed on people, in terms of showing up at the polls," Berkman said.
"Some people are much more responsive to higher costs of different types, whether they be information costs, getting to the polls, traveling a distance, there are a variety of ways of thinking about it. Weather imposes a cost."
In rural areas, the cost may be having to drive a long distance in poor weather, and in an urban area, you may have to stand out in the rain.
"To some people, to a really committed voter, what we call a core voter, none of this will make a difference. They'll get to the polls no matter what it takes," Berkman said.
"But to a peripheral voter, somebody who is not as committed in any given election, weather can be one of many things that, kind of, shapes their decision to stay home and put it off. 'I'm going to wait an hour, wait an hour,' and next thing you know the polls are closed."
Research is consistent in that Republicans are most likely to endure the "cost" of weather.
In a perfect storm scenario, this could tip the balance at the polls and determine an election.
Data has confirmed this could have been the case in two historic elections.
"The best analysis I've seen of this was done on 14 elections, so over a number of years, and we're looking at turn out in various counties."
Data showed that an inch of rain above normal could bring voter turn out down by as much as one percent. One inch of above-normal snowfall could bring turnout down by half of a percentage point.
"There have been simulations that have been run that estimate, for example the 1960 election with John Kennedy. With some more rain in Illinois, it could have made a difference. Nixon could have won. Because the way the electoral college works, you only need rain in a very isolated area."
A more recent example is the 2000 election in Florida.
"Perhaps if it hadn't rained in the panhandle that day, Democratic turn out could have been higher. They could have picked up the 600 votes to win."
If there's any extreme weather in any of the swing states this election, it's going to hurt the Democrats more than any one else, he said.
Travel hazards, delays and disruptions associated with rain, ice and snow will continue over the Central states through the balance of the Thanksgiving weekend.
The current reprieve from heavy rain across southern India will not last long with the threat for flooding downpours set to return for the final days of November.
Sandra is weakening and no longer a major hurricane but remains on track to make landfall in western Mexico with flooding rainfall on Saturday.
Several days of heavy rain will bring the potential for significant flooding from the southern Plains to the middle Mississippi Valley into early next week.
Snow and ice storms have taken aim at the Central U.S. this week, while record-setting Sandra strengthened into a major hurricane south of Mexico.
The strongest El Nino in 50 years will unfold this winter and significantly alter the chances for a white Christmas across the country this year.
Second heavy snowfall in three days hits the region with 12 inches on the ground in NJ; 14 inches in NY; greatest November snow in New England since 1898.
Nation devastated by terrible floods -- 400 people killed.
O'Fallon, MD (1990)
Strong downburst from a thunderstorm caused an apartment to collapse, injuring 25 people.