Summer of 2012 will feature above-normal warmth for much of Canada, while more thunderstorms than usual target eastern Ontario and southern Quebec. Nova Scotia and Newfoundland will be more susceptible than normal to tropical system impact later in the summer.
There will be widespread above-normal warmth across much of the nation, especially across the southern Prairies. Extended spells of heat are anticipated to grip the southern Prairies.
It will be hot for Calgary and Edmonton with below-normal rainfall.
A dome of high pressure will be set up across the central Plains of the U.S. early in the season. It will build northward and westward across the Rockies as the summer progresses, promoting the hot and dry weather across the Prairies.
An exception to the widespread warmth will be an area from Windsor, Ontario, to Montreal, Quebec. In this zone, any prolonged heat spells will be few and far between. Instead, near-normal temperatures are expected.
Active, stormy weather will occur across eastern Ontario and southern Quebec, keeping long heat spells at bay. Cities that lie in the path of more stormy weather this summer include Ottawa, Ontario, and Montreal and Quebec City, Quebec.
"There will be cooler air aloft this summer, making the atmosphere more unstable and conducive for thunderstorm development," said Expert Senior Meteorologist Brett Anderson.
Meanwhile, there is an increased tropical storm threat for Nova Scotia and Newfoundland later this summer, since steering currents in the tropics may be directed toward Atlantic Canada.
When making a long-range forecast, meteorologists look back at analogue years where there was a similar pattern to help make the forecast. Anderson explained that the summer of 2006 was one of the analogue years analyzed for looking at potential tropical impact.
In 2006, a total of four weakening tropical systems had some impact on Atlantic Canada. There was a transitioning pattern toward an El Niño during the summer of 2006 similar to how AccuWeather.com Long-Range Forecasters expect the pattern to be in transition this summer.
"A lot of years that are transitioning into El Niño have seen tropical systems approach Nova Scotia and Newfoundland," Anderson added.
It will also be a warmer and more humid summer than usual with above-normal rainfall for eastern parts of Atlantic Canada.
St. John's, Newfoundland, is among the cities forecast to have above-normal rainfall for the summer. There will be more cloudy and foggy days compared to normal.
Meanwhile, in western Canada, it will be a pleasant summer for outdoor activities in British Columbia, including in the Canadian Rockies.
Temperatures and precipitation will be near-normal for Vancouver.
Tropical Depression Two has formed in the Atlantic and could become the next tropical storm of the season by midweek.
Warm and humid air in place over much of the Midwest and Northeast at midweek will contribute to the risk of drenching, gusty and locally severe thunderstorms on Wednesday.
After temperatures briefly climb to typical midsummer levels, another cooldown will roll into the Midwest and expand to the East for the last part of July.
Severe storms will fire up Tuesday afternoon and evening, threatening outdoor activities and travel for many.
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Unseasonable warmth is expected to continue from the United Kingdom through northern Europe and Scandinavia into the weekend.
Atlantic Ocean (1498)
Christopher Columbus' third voyage. After leaving the Cape Verde Islands, the 4 ships drifted WSW in the equatorial current. "The wind stopped so suddenly and unexpectedly and the supervening heat was so excessive and immoderate that there was no one who dared go below after the casks of wine and water which burst, snapping the hoops of the pipes; the wheat burned like fire; the bacon and salted meat roasted and petrified."
Wasatch National Park, UT (1918)
504 sheep were killed by one lightning bolt.
Waterbury, CT (1926)
105 degrees -- record high for state.