Two pilots took storm chasing to a new extreme last week by chasing supercells from the sky. Caleb Elliot flew Skip Talbot and videographer Phil Bates around severe storms in North Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas.
Chasing from the air is "completely different" than chasing on the ground, Talbot said. In a car "you are limited by the road, the terrain, trees" but "you can get a lot closer... You can really feel the storm when you're on the ground. You can drive up to the tornado. You can get into the hail core. You can smell it. You can feel the wind, the rain."
In comparison, chasers in the closed environment in a plane don't feel the storm.
"All the senses that you get on the ground, you don't get in the airplane..." Though the team didn't capture video of any tornadoes, Talbot said "we saw amazing supercell striation, amazing wall clouds. The views of those things were spectacular and stuff I've never really seen before from that vantage point."
To no surprise for more lily-livered ground-dwellers, Talbot, a 28-year-old computer programmer in Chicago, said that the team's first experiences with aerial storm chasing were more demanding than he thought they would be.
"When we hit turbulence, it was the kind that made you sick," Talbot said. "I got so green I was almost useless, but other than that, it was an awesome experience with fantastic views."
Elliot, a professional pilot out of Kansas City, agreed. "It's a very rare opportunity to see nature in full force, and be right up there with it, but there is a lot of tension due to the fact of how close to [the storms] you are. You are within a mile of a massive supercell thunderstorm. It can get very dangerous and deadly in a matter of seconds."
The obvious question for Elliot and Talbot is, "Are you crazy?" People already criticize the storm chasing community for the number of risks they take and the example they are setting for non-chasers.
"Flying near or around storms on purpose for chasing is in my opinion rather absurd," a Facebook fan of Elliot's commented on his page. "It's [sic] better to be safe on the ground than in the air in trouble wishing you were on the ground."
"Whenever you try something new and push the envelope, it's going to be absurd and dangerous to others," Talbot replied. "Think of the risks the first pilots took, and what we wouldn't have today if it weren't for them. Plenty of good pilots died along the way, but they knew the risks going in and they followed their dreams."
"STORM CHASING IS DANGEROUS NO MATTER WHERE YOU ARE," Elliot responded to the poster.
By phone, Elliot expanded on that. "It's very dangerous," Elliot said. "I don't condone any of this. I know what my experience is and I'm comfortable with it. It is dangerous and nobody needs to be doing it."
Not many people are qualified to do what Elliot and Talbot do either.
"Ninety percent of pilots know nothing about severe weather," Elliot estimated. "Ninety percent of storm chasers know nothing about flying an airplane."
Both men are trained storm spotters for the National Weather Service. Both are pilots. Both have long resumes of storms chased.
Elliot is a commercial pilot and is a certified flight instructor, among a long list of other certifications. He starting studying for his pilot's license at age 12. ("Part of the reason I got my pilot's license is so I could be up closer to the weather," Elliot said. "Aerial storm chasing is the direction I've always wanted to go." He flies cargo planes full time and understands how many ways a thunderstorm can bring a plane down.
A horrible experience piloting a plane through a line of thunderstorms back in 2008 steeled Elliot's resolve to learn how to handle the atmosphere's violence.
"It was one of the most terrifying experiences of my life," the pilot said. "I didn't think I was coming out of the other side."
Though the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommends pilots fly no closer than 20 miles to a severe thunderstorm, a fellow "freight dog" taught Elliot how to deal with flying near unexpected severe weather.
"A thunderstorm packs just about every weather hazard known to aviation into one vicious bundle," a document from the FAA reads. "Almost any thunderstorm can spell disaster for the wrong combination of aircraft and pilot."
Elliot and Talbot have flown as close as one mile to a supercell. The recommendation is "greater than 20 years old," Elliot countered. "We know so much more about thunderstorms [now] that it is no longer really applicable... Part of the reason I want to do aerial storm chasing is to increase aeronautical knowledge of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes."
From a meteorologist's perspective, there is some value to aerial storm chasing flights.
"Looking at their footage, I realize there's a lot about storms that we can't see from the ground," AccuWeather meteorologist Jesse Ferrell said. "I think aerial storm research will be important for the future of meteorology -- if we can do it safely."
Travel hazards, delays and disruptions associated with rain, ice and snow will continue over the Central states through the balance of the Thanksgiving weekend.
The current reprieve from heavy rain across southern India will not last long with the threat for flooding downpours set to return for the final days of November.
Sandra has weakened to a tropical storm but remains on track to make landfall in western Mexico with flooding rainfall on Saturday.
Heavy thunderstorms will continue to shift northward across central South America with the greatest threat for flooding focusing on northeastern Argentina and eastern Paraguay into Saturday morning.
Several days of heavy rain will bring the potential for significant flooding from the southern Plains to the middle Mississippi Valley into early next week.
Snow and ice storms have taken aim at the Central U.S. this week, while record-setting Sandra strengthened into a major hurricane south of Mexico.
Lake Superior (1960)
A severe lake storm along the north shore of Lake Superior: waves 20-40 feet high, wind gust to 73 mph. Floods and waves caused structural damage.
Goodland, KS (1983)
19 inches of snow on the ground with drifts of up to 8 feet.
Sixty cities tied or established new record high temperatures for the date.