With only two hurricanes so far, the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season is well behind the curve to reach the average number of hurricanes and is one of the least intense since 1950.
While the season does not end until late November, time is running out for the season, much to the relief of those living in coastal areas.
By the end of November, on average there are about 12 tropical storms and six hurricanes per season. With approximately two months to go, the season will likely finish with an above-average number of tropical storms. There have already been 11 tropical storms as of Thursday morning, Oct. 3, 2013.
There have been other years where the season delivered two or fewer hurricanes the entire season. However, most of these were prior to the satellite era, and the accuracy of this data is considered to be questionable.
This season so far and 1982 and are the only years, since weather satellites were launched in the early 1960s, in which there were only two hurricanes.
The ACE (Accumulated Cyclone Energy) index is a way to measure the intensity of individual tropical storms and hurricanes, as well as entire hurricane seasons. The index measures the maximum sustained winds of every storm. The higher the ACE index number, the more intense the storm and the more active the season.
As of Oct. 2, the 2013 Atlantic season has one of the lowest ACE index values, since the index was first referenced during the 1950 season. Thus far in 2013, the ACE index is 24 with only the 1983 season being lower at 17.
Comparatively, Super Typhoon Usagi in the Western Pacific earlier this season alone with an ACE index of just shy of 24 has nearly equaled the entire 2013 Atlantic season combined.
Forecast for the Remainder of the Season
According to AccuWeather.com Hurricane Expert Dan Kottlowski, "We continue to see the same limiting factors from early in the season continuing over the heart of the tropical Atlantic basin: Disruptive winds about 30,000 to 40,000 feet above the sea surface and a wedge of dry air near the sea surface."
Occasionally, these winds back off and where this coincides with a pocket of moisture, warm water and a disturbance, suddenly conditions are much more favorable for development.
The areas over the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico are likely to remain hot spots for the rest of the season, along with off the Southeast coast of the United States in western Atlantic. The Caribbean and Gulf have been the birthing areas for seven organized systems ranging from one tropical depression to five tropical storms to Hurricane Ingrid, as of Thursday midday, Oct. 3, 2013.
Tropical Storm Karen formed in the southern Gulf of Mexico on Thursday morning, but weakened before reaching U.S. soil.
While most tropical systems in the Atlantic thus far this season have been on the low end of the intensity scale, tropical storms have caused loss of life and great damage in Mexico.
It only takes one direct strike from a tropical storm or hurricane to headline a season in the United States.
A tropical threat from the Atlantic on the United States and Caribbean islands may increase into next week.
United States residents may pay higher heating costs this fall as colder air is expected to grip the Rockies and Plains at times and some quick-hitting chilly shots may impact the Northeast.
Rescue efforts are underway in Hiroshima, Japan, after several landslides buried people and caused severe damage on Wednesday morning, local time.
Monsoonal moisture from the tropics slammed the Phoenix area and other parts of the Southwest with heavy rainfall, causing flooding in the region.
A long-lived and intense thunderstorm dumped hail that ended up being measured in feet in some parts of Mexico City Sunday afternoon and evening.
A zone of thundery rain with the risk of flooding and travel delays will occur into the weekend from the northern Plains to the central Appalachians and part of the mid-Atlantic.
Indianola, TX (1886)
Completely destroyed by hurricane - town was never rebuilt.
Driest month in history helped cause 1,736 fires. 3 million acres burned, 85 died (78 were fire fighters). The town of Wallace was half-consumed.
New Jersey (1939)
Tuckerton, NJ, received 14.81 inches of rain in just 24 hours for a state record.