Despite living along the coast, and even after major disasters such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Hurricane Ike in 2008, a 2009 survey revealed that most residents are not prepared for a hurricane. The U.S. Government's National Hurricane Center advises the following actions for hurricane disaster preparation.
Developing a Family Disaster Plan is an often-overlooked but crucial part of disaster preparedness. Do you know what your escape routes are if a hurricane is approaching? Do you know which evacuation area you live in? If family members are separated during a disaster and communication is unavailable, how will you know where to meet?
Creating a Disaster Supply Kit includes not only food and water, but items like clothing, hygiene items, medicine and things to pass the time. You could be in a shelter without everyday items for days after a major hurricane.
If you are ordered to evacuate, you should. But where will you go? Thousands of people will be asking that same thing, and competing against you for suitable locations. Know where to go prior to the storm's approach.
In that 2009 survey, 97% of respondents didn't know that garage doors are the structural component most likely to fail during a hurricane, yet Garage Door Retrofit kits are widely available in coastal areas. Find out how to secure those and other parts of your home before the storm hits.
If you have pets, you'll need supplies and carriers for them as well. You'll need to find an evacuation point that will accept pets and monitor their behavior after the storm, when all their familiar surroundings have changed.
The Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale is a categorical classification of hurricanes based on their wind speed, used by the U.S. government's National Hurricane Center.
To qualify as a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane intensity scale, maximum sustained winds must exceed 155 mph (135 kt).
Hurricanes that have a severe impact on lives or the economy are remembered by generations after the devastation they caused, and some go into weather history.
AccuWeather.com has created a number of specialty maps designed for tracking the progress of tropical storms and hurricanes. Use these maps in conjunction with our Hurricane Position graphic, as well as statements issued by the NHC with storm positions.
Hurricanes (by whatever name) are by far most common in the Pacific Ocean, with the western Pacific being most active. In some years, the Philippines are struck by more than 20 tropical storms and typhoons.
Low pressure in the hurricane can act as a plunger, slightly pulling up the water level. However, the components that contribute to the greatest storm surge affect are the winds blowing to the left side of the storm and the topography of the land as the storm makes land fall.