November 2012 was the second warmest November on record globally for surface temperature, according to NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS).
Surface temperature records go back to 1880.
Globally, November 2012 ended up 0.68 degrees C. above the 1951-1980 average, putting it only behind November 2010.
The GISS map below shows the November 2012 global temperature anomalies in degrees C. Reds are warmer than normal, blues indicate colder than normal.
December to November 12-month period
The most recent December-November 12-month period was the 9th warmest globally, according to GISS.
September through November 2012
The September through November (fall northern hemisphere) period was the second warmest on record behind 2005 with a global temperature anomaly of +0.66 C.
November 2012 was the warmest November on record going back to 1880 for the southern hemisphere. It was also the warmest spring on record for the southern hemisphere.
November 2012 was the 7th warmest November on record for the northern hemisphere.
Climate change indicators continue to show the impacts from a warming world.
Despite the rapid warming trend and resulting loss of permafrost, methane levels along Alaska's Arctic slope have been fairly stable over the past 29 years.
This year could challenge 2012 for the lowest sea ice extent minimum in the satellite record for the Arctic region.
Large portions of northern North America have experienced a greening trend over the past three decades.
New research explains why the Southern ocean surrounding Antarctica has not warmed like the rest of the world's oceans.
The warming influence of carbon dioxide has increased by 50 percent above pre-industrial levels during the past 25 years, according to NOAA.