It is hot in areas that sweltered in 2010
Abnormal heat broke out from the Caspian region, up the Volga valley and into much of European Russia during July. Taking the nation's capital as a quick example, our records at AccuWeather.com show that Moscow was 6.0 degrees C above normal for the month as a whole. This very significant result is, however, overshadowed by the Russia heat was of 2010, which took the nation's weather records to a new level.
Indeed, the heat did not reach the level of last summer (8.3 degrees C above normal at Moscow Observatory, with all-time high of 38.2 C), nor was it accompanied by severe drought as did the fire-ravaged summer of 2010.
Nevertheless, something interesting has happened this summer in the southern Russia flatlands northwest of the Caspian Sea.
But first, some background. In 2010, this area marked the very core of heat from the start of summer until the beginning of September.
Among the internationally distributed weather observations from Russia is Yashkul, whose blistering summer of 2010 yielded Russia's highest historical temperature, 44.0 degrees C (111.2 F), on July 11.
I should say here that an "unofficial" high of 45.4 C is claimed for Utta, a town on the road between Yashkul and Astrakhan. I take this from Maximiliano Herrera and his extreme temperature website. I must thank him for his efforts in tracking and recording weather history.
Fast forward to 2011. A late-July blast of heat out of central and southwest Asia gripped the lower Volga/NW Caspian region beginning about July 26. At Yashkul, the heat topped out with a high of 44.2 degrees C on the 30th.
But Yashkul was not the hot spot, however. Among the international sites, one was hotter, and this was Divnoye. Divnoye edged out Yashkul by 0.1 degree C, its July 30 high of 44.3 now tops in Russia (other than Utta).
There are some other remarkable temperatures reported elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere this summer. Sometime soon, I hope to talk about a few of these.
The plum rains are known as "meiyu" in China, the "baiyu" or "tsuyu" in Japan, and the "jangma" in the Koreas. The heart of the plum rain season stretches from early June to mid-July, with a tendency to shift south to north across the affected area.
In the wake of the mid-June cloudbursts, most of Pakistan to northwestern India last week saw a return to dry, hot weather typical of the weeks leading up to the Monsoon onset. It was as if the Monsoon withdrew to its "normal" position for the latter half of June.
The 38.5 degree C (101 degrees F) reading Tuesday in Ajaccio, Corsica, may have been tops in Europe.
Monsoon Onset was June 13th, 2013, in Delhi, almost two weeks earlier than average. The June 15th onset at Karachi and Islamabad was more like three week ahead of schedule.
In Pakistan, hit-or-miss downpours missed the Sindh capital, Karachi. One did hit Pad Idan, where it left 60 mm of rain Wednesday. This was more than 20 times greater than the normal June rainfall.
It is still possible that this scenario is over wrought as to the intensity and spread of rain in Pakistan and northwestern India. However, it is the hunch of the present forecaster that some very unusual weather is going to unfold in the Subcontinent during the next week!