, °F

Personalized Forecasts

Featured Forecast

My Favorite Forecasts

    My Recent Locations

    Antarctica Site Posts Near-Record Cold

    September 19, 2012, 4:41:20 AM EDT

    This month, Russia's Vostok station has registered some remarkably low late-winter temperatures, even for the coldest known spot on Earth.

    As of Sept. 18, the average temperature for the month so far was -73.0 degrees C (-99.4 F), or -6.7 degrees C (-12.0 F) below normal.

    Three nights have have seen the temperature break through the minus-80-degree mark (-112 F). Coldest of these, on Sept. 15, bottomed at -84.2 degrees C (-119.6 F).

    The station's lowest September temperature on record is -85.6 degrees C (-122.1 F), the Vostok Wikipedia entry says.

    The average temperature on Sept. 15 was -78.5 degrees C (-109.3 F), which is 12.3 degrees C (-23 F) below normal.

    The coldest daytime, that of Sept. 10, had a high of only -74.5 degrees C (-102.1 F).

    Admittedly, this site, as with so much of the interior of Antarctica, is almost always unbelievably cold, even in summer.

    The different between climatological average temperatures and the present month's lowest observed readings may have little meaning with readings so far below the freezing mark.


    This NASA image of Antarctica outlines the area of sub-glacial Lake Vostok, which underlies Vostok station, East Antarctica.

    The setting of Vostok station invites extremes.

    After all, Vostok has been as cold as -89.2 degrees C (-128.6 F), on July 21, 1983, and is thus the holder of the earth's lowest reliably measured temperature. An unconfirmed reading of -91 degrees C (-132 F) has been reported from the winter of 1997, the Wikipedia entry says.

    The surface of snow and ice is almost table-top flat for hundreds of kilometers/miles in all directions. It lies 3,488 meters (11,444 feet) above sea level, atop a stack of glacial ice about 3,800 meters (about 12,500 feet) thick.

    Vostok lies within 1,290 km (800 miles) of the South Pole, which results in a "polar night" lasting 130 days.

    Polar night ends in late August, the station's coldest month, and September sees steady day-to-day increase in daylight, the sun edging higher above the horizon. September starts with less than seven hours of possible sunshine, but this reaches about 14 hours and 30 minutes by the last day of the month.

    The boost in sunshine between the 1st and the 30th allows normal daily average temperature to rise from -67.2 degrees C (-89.0 F) to -61.7 degrees C (-79.1 F).

    The September weather can become almost bearable for the properly dressed, as a reading of -38.3 degrees has been registered during the month. But this was well shy of the "balmy" minus-12.2 degrees C reached on Jan. 11, 2002, near the top of the Antarctic summer.

    Interestingly, Vostok is even colder than the South Pole, owing mostly to its higher elevation.

    Report a Typo


    Comments left here should adhere to the AccuWeather.com Community Guidelines. Profanity, personal attacks, and spam will not be tolerated.


    • 590x382_06271731_screen-shot-2013-06-27-at-1

      Plum Rains to Shift North Next Week

      andrews - June 27, 2013, 8:28:02 AM EDT

      The plum rains are known as "meiyu" in China, the "baiyu" or "tsuyu" in Japan, and the "jangma" in the Koreas. The heart of the plum rain season stretches from early June to mid-July, with a tendency to shift south to north across the affected area.

    • 590x413_06241435_screen-shot-2013-06-24-at-10

      Monsoon Rains to Pick Up After a Break

      andrews - June 24, 2013, 5:30:03 AM EDT

      In the wake of the mid-June cloudbursts, most of Pakistan to northwestern India last week saw a return to dry, hot weather typical of the weeks leading up to the Monsoon onset. It was as if the Monsoon withdrew to its "normal" position for the latter half of June.

    • 590x454_06191422_screen-shot-2013-06-19-at-10

      Heat Wave Bakes Heart of Europe

      andrews - June 19, 2013, 4:24:55 AM EDT

      The 38.5 degree C (101 degrees F) reading Tuesday in Ajaccio, Corsica, may have been tops in Europe.

    • 590x364_06161901_screen-shot-2013-06-16-at-2

      Southwest Monsoon Onset Four Weeks Early

      andrews - June 16, 2013, 9:33:22 AM EDT

      Monsoon Onset was June 13th, 2013, in Delhi, almost two weeks earlier than average. The June 15th onset at Karachi and Islamabad was more like three week ahead of schedule.

    • 650x366_06131506_ap835485911576

      Indian Monsoon Surges West, Lags East

      andrews - June 13, 2013, 6:00:35 AM EDT

      In Pakistan, hit-or-miss downpours missed the Sindh capital, Karachi. One did hit Pad Idan, where it left 60 mm of rain Wednesday. This was more than 20 times greater than the normal June rainfall.

    • 590x489_06101818_screen-shot-2013-06-10-at-2

      What Is Happening in the Subcontinent?

      andrews - June 10, 2013, 9:09:43 AM EDT

      It is still possible that this scenario is over wrought as to the intensity and spread of rain in Pakistan and northwestern India. However, it is the hunch of the present forecaster that some very unusual weather is going to unfold in the Subcontinent during the next week!

    • 590x496_06061444_screen-shot-2013-06-06-at-10

      India Monsoon Low to Boost Subcontinent Rain Coverage

      andrews - June 06, 2013, 5:29:55 AM EDT

      North of the expected Monsoon low, moist, rain-cooled air should flow northward to the Himalayas, even westward into the Indus Valley of Pakistan, the result being scattered downpours along with a break in the pre-Monsoon heat next week.

    • 590x499_06051426_screen-shot-2013-06-05-at-10

      India Monsoon to Make Big Gains

      andrews - June 05, 2013, 5:17:53 AM EDT

      On Wednesday, June 5, 2013, the South West Monsoon was set to leap northward on the Indian Subcontinent by the middle of the month.

    • 590x377_06041142_ap886825739525

      Coldest Spring in UK for More Than 50 Years

      andrews - June 04, 2013, 2:34:48 AM EDT

      According to preliminary data not including the last three days of May, it was the coldest spring since 1962 and the fifth coldest since 1910, when comprehensive record keeping began in the U.K.

    • 590x465_06031229_screen-shot-2013-06-03-at-8

      India Monsoon Onset Declared

      andrews - June 03, 2013, 3:00:43 AM EDT

      In justifying the declaration of Monsoon onset, the IMD cited widespread rainfall, some heavy, throughout Kerala; deep, vigorous southwesterly winds over the southern Arabian Sea; and the widespread high cloudiness as measured by satellite.