here The map for Aug. 7, 1918 is below." />
Tuesday 8:30 a.m.
Drier air advanced into the northeast quarter of the nation yesterday, but its tenure is temporary and will be quickly terminated. As a high pressure area moves off the East Coast and a low pressure area forms near the lower Great Lakes, more humid air will be drawn northward... and the chance of showers and thunderstorms will increase. This looks like the kind of setup that can unleash 1-2 inches of rain in some areas. However, until we see exactly where the storm forms and how the moisture becomes arranged around it, forecasting rainfall amounts for various places is risky. The video has more.
On this date in 1918, Philadelphia had a high temperature of 106, the highest official reading ever for that city. What did the weather map look like that day? NOAA maintains an archive of weather maps for each day back to 1871. You can view them here The map for Aug. 7, 1918 is below. The map time is 1 a.m., and you may be able to see the 80-degree isotherm for that hour.
In those days, weather records were kept at the Customs House in Center City, Philadelphia. In later years, the observation site was shifted to Philadelphia International Airport. Airport locations are typically somewhat cooler than the middle of our big cities.
Looking at the west-to-east upper air flow over New England well ahead of the storm, it seems like the hurricane should stay out at sea, However, as we look through the series of maps, we see the upper-air flow congealing into a strong eastern trough that helped the storm to come right up the coast instead of heading out to sea.
On this satellite picture, we can see the basically dry weather in the Eastern states. The cold front that will ease the midweek heat in the Northeast is shown by the band of thunderstorms in the Midwest. The thunderstorms may weaken and become more scattered as the front comes into the Northeast.
A storm in the tropical Atlantic is being observed for possible strengthening. This map shows the variety of models purporting to show where the center will go. Most solutions suggest it stays well offshore, but you will notice a few outliers suggesting more threat.
For example, the purple line in the east marks the boundary between air coming in from the ocean and a southwesterly current of warmer air. That boundary was the scene of showers and thunderstorms when it was in the middle of Pennsylvania yesterday, and was associated with rain that moved through the Hudson Valley early this morning.
Looking ahead to late next week, some of the computer models suggest a hurricane could affect areas between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic east of the Bahamas. We are entering the prime part of the Atlantic hurricane season, but at this point there is only one model I am prepared to accept:
The following map shows the individual members of the forecast for the 5,880-meter height line at 500mb. If the 500 mb height is that high, it usually means the weather at the ground in the Northeast is hot. However...