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The U.S. Electric Grid vs. Extreme Weather

By Melissa C. Lott
10/27/2012 9:52:09 AM

This story was originally published in 2011 to cover Hurricane Irene. The information about storm preparedness is still crucial this storm season.

On Sunday, Hurricane Irene weakened to become Tropical Storm Irene - but not before leaving at least 4 million homes without power and causing fuel shortages along the United States' Atlantic coast. This hurricane brought on-land wind speeds of more than 85 mph in the continental United States, and maintained its hurricane status through most of its trek north. Though the storm had diminished by the time it hit New York today, it still carried 65-mph winds and drenching rain. With this wind came downed power lines and poles along the entire

East Coast, leaving many stranded without power.

The good news is that the East Coast knew that this storm was coming. As David Biello said on Thursday - it's best to be prepared. And, thanks to our nation's storm tracking abilities, East Coast utilities were able to ready road crews so they could repair power lines that were taken down by the high winds. Power plants lying within Irene's projected path were able to prepare their facilities to be hit by the wind and rain, helping them to avoid extended supply disruptions.

But, even with this preparation, millions of Americans were faced with unplanned power outages - which is no surprise when you look at the size and complexity of the United States electric grid.

When the first power plants were built in the United States, they were located close to their customers - generally within a few miles. But, over time this distance has increased with growing populations, increasing electricity demand, and the electrification of rural America.

Today, there are more than 160,000 miles of transmission lines (the huge silver towers that you see along the road) and millions of miles of distribution lines running through the United States. While some of these lines run underground – especially in dense urban settings – the majority run overhead, supported by poles and towers. This web of wires moves electricity from the nation's power plants to our homes and offices, supplying electricity whenever we demand it.

[Note: There is a great U.S. grid visualization tool available on NPR's website]

Photo Credit:

  1. Photo of Hurricane Irene on Friday, 8/26/11 © by NASA Goddard Photo and Video and used under this Creative Commons license.
  2. Photo of the transmission lines on a city street © by CityCaucus.com and used under this Creative Commons license.

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